Improvement of Fiber Fines Retention and Mechanical Properties of Board Paper Using Corn and Tapioca Starch- A Handsheet Study

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Klaus Doelle
Jonas Sonntag
Kai Fischer
Tyler Dominesey


Steadily increasing production cost in the paper industry require more efficient resource allocation and utilization of recycled materials and the use of renewable materials and additives to become more environmentally friendly. With this project, 100 g/m² TAPPI handsheets from industrial processed OCC fiber material were produced, without starch and starch in cooked and uncooked form, air-dried at 23°C and contact-dried at 120°C. Starch addition levels were 6.0, 18.0 and 24.0 kg/mt (12.0, 36.0, and 48.0 lbs./st) for pearl and cationic starch, and 2.0, 6.0 and 8.0 kg/mt (4.0, 12.0, and 16.0 lbs./st) for tapioca starch. Fines were measured with a Britt Jar devise having a 75 μm (200 mesh) screen. The highest tensile index improvement of 35.71% for uncooked tapioca starch at an addition rate of 16 lbs./st. The highest tear index improvement of 1.86% was for pearl starch at an addition rate of 12 lbs./st for the cooked & contact dried application. The highest burst index improvement of the produced handsheets was for uncooked & contact dried cationic starch at an addition rate of 12 lbs./st with an improvement of 21.49%. Application of pearl starch showed the largest difference in fines content at the 12 lbs./st and 48 lbs./st of fiber concentrations, reducing the fines content by 22.2% and 24.7% based on solids content respectively. Pearl starch outperformed cationic and tapioca starch products and showed the highest potential for fiber savings and net profit value.

Fines retention, mechanical paper properties, OCC, corn starch, tapioca starch, retention.

Article Details

How to Cite
Doelle, K., Sonntag, J., Fischer, K., & Dominesey, T. (2021). Improvement of Fiber Fines Retention and Mechanical Properties of Board Paper Using Corn and Tapioca Starch- A Handsheet Study. Journal of Engineering Research and Reports, 20(1), 39-50.
Original Research Article


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