The Effect of Soil Poissons Ratio on the Response of Buildings with Sufficient Embedment Depth

Main Article Content

Ahmed Hafiz Yasseen Essawy


The present study highlights the effect of soil poissons ratio on the response of buildings with sufficient embedment depth. The interaction effect between the structure and its foundation control the dynamic behavior of the structure during seismic analysis. Not only the foundation of structure control the results of seismic analysis but also the embedment depth of the structure increase this effect. The ground motions produced by the seismic excitation at the base of the building are the result of shear deformation in the soil. The effect of the inertial resistance of soil surrounding the basement floors is taken into consideration by adding virtual masses to the basement floors to obtain more accurate shear forces acting on the flexible basement columns. The study calculates the response values at any required time and the maximum response values in addition to its time of occurrence.

Soil poisons, inertial resistance, ground motions, embedment depth.

Article Details

How to Cite
Essawy, A. H. Y. (2020). The Effect of Soil Poissons Ratio on the Response of Buildings with Sufficient Embedment Depth. Journal of Engineering Research and Reports, 17(2), 23-33.
Original Research Article


Chopra AK. Dynamics of structures, A primer, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute; 1980.

Balendra T, Tan YP, Lee SL. Simplified dynamic analysis of building with basements, journal of the engineering mechanics division, proceedings of the American society of civil engineering , ASCE. 1982;108(EM5):895–914.

Essawy AHY. Non – linear seismic analysis of multistory buildings with multi – basements, Thesis submitted for the degree of doctor of philosophy in Structural Engineering . Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University. Giza – Egypt; 1995.

Ghandil M, Behnamfar F, Vafaeian M. Dynamic responses of structure-soil-structure systems with an extension of the equivalent linear soil modelling, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering. 2016;80:149-162.

Elias S, Matsagar V. Effectiveness of tuned mass dampers in seismic response control of isolated bridges including soil-structure interaction, Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures. 2017;14:2324-2341.
DOI: 10.1590/1679-78253893.

Kirkwood P, Dashti S. A centrifuge study of seismic structure-soil-structure interaction on liquefiable ground and implications for design in dense urban areas, Earthquake Spectra. 2018;34(3):1113-1134.
DOI: 10.1193/052417EQS095M.

DEM (Disaster and Emergency Management). Turkish Building Earthquake Specification, Ankara, Turkey; 2018.

Khosravikia F, Mahsuli M, Ghannad MA. The effect of soil– structure interaction on the seismic risk to buildings. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, 2018;16(9):3653-3673.