Kinetics of Anaerobic Digestion of Unripe Plantain Peels

Main Article Content

Chinenyenwa Nkeiruka Nweke
Joseph Tagbo Nwabanne

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the biogas production obtained from anaerobic digestion of unripe plantain peels (PP) and the kinetics of the digestion process. 400 g of dried and shredded unripe plantain peels were mixed with 200 ml of water and put into 1 L digester and observed for biogas for hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 15 days by the method of downwards displacement. The cumulative biogas volume obtained after digestion was 285 ml. The COD removal efficiency of 72.5% was achieved. The kinetics of PP digestion was evaluated using first order, Monod, Contois and, Grau second-order models. Results showed that the kinetics of anaerobic digestion of PP followed the first-order model with a constant (K) of 0.095 day-1. Monod kinetics was evaluated and the maximum rate of substrate utilization (K), the half velocity constant (KS), endogenous decay coefficient (Kd), biomass growth yield (Y) and, maximum specific microorganism growth rate (µmax) obtained were 0.7615 day-1, 16.20 mg/l, 0.0047 day-1, 0.0112 mgVSS mgCOD-1 and, 0.009 day-1 respectively. These results revealed that inoculation would be required to increase the rate and volume of biogas production. Both first-order and Monod models gave a high coefficient of determination indicating that first order and Monod models can be used to model the digestion of PP. Contois model gave values of µmax and β as 0.011 day-1 and 0.644 mgCOD mgVSS-1 respectively. The result obtained has shown that the digestion of PP did not follow second-order kinetics.

Keywords:
Anaerobic digestion, unripe plantain peel, biogas, kinetics.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nweke, C. N., & Nwabanne, J. T. (2020). Kinetics of Anaerobic Digestion of Unripe Plantain Peels. Journal of Engineering Research and Reports, 17(2), 7-17. https://doi.org/10.9734/jerr/2020/v17i217183
Section
Original Research Article

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