Main Article Content
Draft requirements of two animal – drawn (IAR) weeders operating on loam soil were determined in the study. The implements include a straddle row weeder and an emcot attached rotary weeder evaluated under the same soil conditions, using a pair of white Fulani breed of oxen. The animal draft requirement was first estimated from the animal ergonomics measurements. Using area of 0.054 hectare as experimental plot for each implement the draft requirement of each implement was investigated after taking soil samples for soil moisture content and bulk density determinations. The implements tested showed variation in their average draft requirement. The straddle row weeder had the highest value of 338.15 N respectively while the emcot attached rotary weeder had the lowest value of 188.12 N with 47.03%, respectively. The average soil moisture contents and bulk density were 13.0% and 1.46%/cm3, respectively.
Kubkomawa HI. Indigenous breeds of cattle, their productivity, economic and cultural values in Sub-Saharan Africa: A review. International Journal of Research studies in Agricultural Sciences. 2017;3(1): 27-43.
Norezzine A, Duksi F, Tsvetkova AD, Ulybina EA, Gins MS, Yacer RN, Gladyr EA. Genetic characterization of White Fulani cattle in Nigeria: A comparative study. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research. 2019;6(4):474.
Kawuyo UA, Atiku AA, Bwala EJ. Draft Animal power utilization in tillage operation in Borno state, Nigeria. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2012; 7(10):1349-1352. Available:www.arpnjournals.com
Barwell I, Ayre M. The harnessing of draft animals. Intermediate Technology Publication; 1982.
Ellis-Jones J, O’Neill D. The contribution of draught animal power to sustainable livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa: An example from Zimbabwe. In Paper to World Association for Transport Animal and Welfare Studies (TAWS) Conference “Animal Traction, Health and Technology, the Role of Draught and Pack Animals. 2002;21.
Mrema GC, Mrema MJ. Draft animal technology and agricultural mechanization in Africa: Its potential role and constraints nama. Newsletter. 1993;2:12-33.
FACU, Mid-term review report on Jigawa Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (JARDA). The national agricultural technology support project (NATSP). Federal Agricultural Coordinating Unit (FACU), Duste, Nigeria; 1996.
Musa HL. Development and use of animal- drawn implements in Nigeria. Proceedings of the first National workshop on Draught Animal Power Research and Development in Nigeria, ABU, Zaria. 1990;102-119.
Asota CO. Animal draught technology: A viable mechanization alternative to tartarisation in small farms. Proceedings of the training programme held at IAR, Zaria, Nigeria, 18th September -14th October, 1995 under the sponsorship of the commonwealth secretariat, UK. 1996;26-47.
Okoko P, Ajav EA, Olosunde WA. Draft and power requirement some tillage implement operating in clay loam soil. Agric. Eng Int: CIGR Journal. 2018;20(1): 95–102.
Jyoti B, Reddy KR, Sawant CP, Pandirwar AP, Potdar RR, Randhe RD. Predicting draft requirement of tillage implements using pull type load cell in Southern Region of Andhra Pradesh, India. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2019;8(1):606-612.
Abubakar LG, Muhammad US, Shani BB, Abdullah S. Draft requirements of some locally used oxen drawn tillage implements in Zaria paper presented at 6th Inter-national Conference. 2005;27:46-50.
Resources N, Sciences L, National Research Council. Global Considerations for Animal Agriculture Research. In Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability. National Academies Press (US); 2015.
Unguwanrimi YA, Sada M, Ugama GN, Musa J, Amin SA. Evaluation of two animal - drawn IAR weeders under Irrigation condition. American Journal of Engineering Research. 2019;8(8):105-110.
Kawuyo UA, Atiku AA, Bwala EJ. Draft animal power utilization in tillage operations in Borno state, Nigeria. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2012;7(10):1349-1352.
Ajav EA. Mechanization programmes for rural farmers in Nigeria, seminar paper, Department of agricultural engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria; 1998.
Attanda ML. Effect of induced compaction by weed traffic on soil physical properties, crop water use efficiency and yield of maize at samara. Unpulished M.Sc thesis submitted to Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria; 2005.
Isiaka M. Development of two – Row animal drawn seed planter. Unpulished M.SC thesis submitted to Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. 2000;40–50.
Isiaka M. IAR Animal Drawn Weeding Implements. Samaru, Samaru Extension Bulletin (Mechanization series No.4). 2008; 7-17.