Improvement of Final Settling Tanks Performance by Using Chemical Additions

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Mohamed A. E. Halawa
Hanan A. Fouad
Rehab M. Elhefny
A. F. Wail


Biological treatment in wastewater treatment plants WWTPs consists of two main tanks, aeration tank and final settling tank. Aeration process using in return activated sludge system is very costly and it is required to operate WWTPs with low dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in aeration process without risking poor effluent quality. To apply this study, a plant model for the addition of chemicals must be made with the necessary calibration of this model. Laboratory experiments were started between November 2017 and June 2018. This paper will discuss the impact of DO concentration on sludge properties by using a pilot plant model WWTP and find the optimum doses of Hydrogen peroxide H2O2 concentration with using low DO concentration to achieve good sedimentation.  In this study the DO set-point was changed every 3 weeks between 0.5 mg/l and 4.5 mg/l for a few months.  Experiments were carried out to The optimal ratio and dosage of H2O2 /Fe+2 was 5 as 30/6 mg/l. BOD, COD, TSS and VSS removal efficiency by using H2O2 /Fe+2 were 91%, 89% 90% & 89%, respectively with DO = 1.5 mg/l at an increased rates were 21.3%, 25.4%, 20% & 12.7%, respectively. Results of paper proves that the addition of optimum H2O2 will save 2 mg/l of DO concentration and providing a high cost of using electricity and mechanical equipment compared to the non-use of H2O2.

Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), sludge properties, chemical additions, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration

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How to Cite
Halawa, M. A. E., Fouad, H. A., Elhefny, R. M., & Wail, A. F. (2019). Improvement of Final Settling Tanks Performance by Using Chemical Additions. Journal of Engineering Research and Reports, 7(4), 1-7.
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