Main Article Content
Waste generation at Nigerian slaughterhouses poses a serious threat to the environment because of poor handling practices which results into adverse impact on land, air and water. The aim of this research is studying the dynamics of solid removal in waste stabilization pond at different hydraulics retention times (HRT). The characteristics of wastewater in Kwata slaughterhouse were 991 mg/l, 3427 mg/l and 4419 mg/l. For total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS) and total solids (TS) respectively. The slaughterhouse wastewater was treated using waste stabilization pond which comprises one anaerobic pond, one facultative pond and one maturation pond. The physio-chemical analysis conducted at the end of the treatment, shows that the total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS) and total solids (TS) in an effluent leaving the maturation achieved 97%, 92% and 93% removal efficiencies. The physio-chemical analysis results were also subjected to statistical analysis using one-way analysis of variance and two-way analysis of variance without replication. The results show the statistically significant difference exists in the quality of raw wastewater, effluent from anaerobic, facultative and maturation pond.
Bello YO, Oyedemi DTA. Impact of abattoir activities and management in residential neighborhood. A case of Ogbomoso Nigeria. Journal of Social Science. 2009;19(2):121-127.
Kwadzah TK, Iorhemen OT. Assessment of the impact of abattoir effluent on the water quality of river Kaduna, Nigeria. World Journal of Environmental Engineering. 2015;3(3):87-94.
Omole DO, Ogbiye AS. An evaluation of slaughterhouse waste in southwest of Nigeria. American Journal of Environmental Pollution. 2013;2(3):85-89.
Weobong CA, Adinyira EY. Operation impacts of the Tamale abattoir on the environment. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology. 2011;3(9):386-393.
Yahaya M, Nurudeen S. Treatment efficiency and economic benefit of Zartech poultry slaughterhouse wastewater treatment plant. Scientific Research and Easy. 2008;3(6):219-223.
Caixeta CET, Cammarota MC, Xavier AMF. Slaughterhouse wastewater treatment evaluation of new three-phase separation system in a UNSB reactor. Bioresource Technology. 2002;81(1):61-69.
Bustillo-Lecompte CF, Mehrvar M. Journal of Environmental Management. 2015;161: 287-302.
Irshad A, Talukder S, Selvakumar K. Current practices and emerging trends in abattoir effluent treatment in India: A review. International Journal of Livestock Research. 2015;5(2):13-31.
Mkude IT, Saria J. Assessment of waste stabilization ponds (WSP) efficiency on wastewater treatment for agriculture reuse and other activities. A case of Dodoma municipality Tanzania. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management. 2014;7(3):298-304.
Mohammed AI, Hayder TH. Stabilization pond for wastewater treatment. European Scientific Journal. 2013;9(14):278-294.
Edris B, Ferdos KM, Mehdi F, Kamal AO, Amir HM. Slaughterhouse wastewater treatment by combined chemical coagulation and electrocoagulation process. PLos ONE. 2012;7(6):1-8.
Giri D, Armal P, Satyanarayan S. Slaughterhouse wastewater treatment by anaerobic fixed film fixed bed reactor packed with special media. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences. 2015;5(3):151-156.
Tansengco M, Herrera D, Tejano J, Yao M, Beraye JR, Esquerra R. Biological treatment of meat processing wastewater using anaerobic sequencing batch reactor. International Research Journal of Biological Science. 2015;4(3):66-75.
Hadi R, Elham RS, Mohammed RA, Hossein A, Roya P. Wastewater treatment efficiency in stabilization ponds Olang treatment plant. Iranian Journal of Health Safety Environment. 2014;2(1):217-223.
Abd EL-Rahman AM, Abd EL-Rahman A, Gad AAM, Hashem M. Assessment of waste stabilization ponds for. Journal of Engineering. 2015;5(1):10-18.
Suglo RS, Bansah KJ. Sewage treatment by waste stabilization pond systems. Journal of Environment Management. Research Article. 2016;3(1):7-14.
Masse D, Masse L. Treatment of slaughterhouse wastewater in anaerobic sequencing batch reactors. Canadian Agricultural Engineering. 2000;42(3):11-138.
Kobya M, Senturk E, Bayramoghi M. Treatment of poultry slaughterhouse wastewaters by electrocoagulation. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2006;133(1):172-176.
Budiyono WIN, Johari SS. Study on slaughterhouse waste potency and characteristics for biogas production. International Journal of Water Resource. 2011;1(2):4-7.
Sindhu R, Meera V. Treatment of slaughterhouse effluent using upflow anaerobic packed bed reactor. International Congress on Information Environment, Energy and Applications. 2012;38:1-7.
Sunder GC, Satyanarayan S. Efficient treatment of slaughterhouse wastewater by anaerobic hybrid reactor packed with special floating media. International Journal of Chemical and Physical Sciences. 2013;2:73-81.
Farzadkia M, Vanani AF, Golbaz S, Sajadi HS, Bazrafshan E. Characteristics and evaluation of treatability of wastewater generated in Khuzestan livestock slaughterhouse and assessing of their wastewater treatment systems. Global Nest Journal. 2016;18(10):1-10.
Kundu P, Debsarkar A, Mukherjee S. Treatment of slaughterhouse wastewater in a sequencing batch reactor: Performance evaluation and bio-degradation kinetics. Biomed Research International. Article I.D 134872. 2013;1-11.
Abrha M, Tenalem A. Characterization of abattoir wastewater and evaluation of the effectiveness of the wastewater treatment systems in Luna and Kera abattoirs in Central Ethiopia. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research. 2015;6(4):1026-1039.
Orumiehl HR, Mazaheri R. Efficiency of stabilization ponds under different climate conditions in Iran. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences. 2015;5(6):794-805.
Ameen S, Ahmed J. Characterization and assessment of treatability of wastewater generated in Amman slaughterhouse. Diraset Engineering Sciences. 2008;35(2): 71-83.