A Review of Soil Dynamics in Traction Studies
Journal of Engineering Research and Reports,
As the world population increases more than ever before and increasing demand on food, feed and fiber, and security, the number of off-the-road vehicles is rapidly increasing for agriculture, forestry, military, mining and construction industries. Many researchers have studied and still investigating traction as it relates off-road vehicles and publications abound especially from developed countries of Europe, America and others. In our generation scientists are trying to put robotic vehicles on the lunar and Martian terrains. This trend makes the study of soil dynamics in traction a sine qua non in our tertiary and research institutions. In Nigeria there is a dearth of publications in this specialized area of study. This is a review paper and the purpose is to highlight some of the studies that have been conducted over the years, with a view to enlightening, encouraging, stimulating and challenging would be researchers. Trends in the development of soil bin with single wheel testers were reviewed including tractive and transport devices used in them. Traction parameters including motion resistance, measurement and data acquisition systems, traction predictive equations including wheel numeric and mobility numbers were also reviewed. Efforts made in the development of soil bin for soil dynamics research and further research interest at the Federal University of Technology, Akure (FUTA) were highlighted.
- Soil dynamics
- motion resistance
- traction parameters
- prediction equations
How to Cite
Culpin C. Farm machinery. 11th Edition English Language Book Society/Collins, London; 1986.
Yong RN, Fattah EA, Skiadas N. Vehicle Traction Mechanics. Elsevier Amsterdam; 1984.
Ani AO, Uzoejinwa BB, Ezeama AO, Ugwu SN, Ohagwu CJ, Odigbo EU. Soil bin facility for soil-machine interaction studies. Proceedings of the International Soil Tillage Research Organization. 2014;110–124.
Zoz FM, Grisso RD. Traction and tractor performance. ASAE Distinguished Lecture Series. Tractor Design No. 27. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE; 2003.
Brixius WW. Traction prediction equations for bias-ply tires. ASAE Paper No. 871622. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE; 1987.
Freitag DR. Dimensional analysis of performance of pneumatic tires on sand. Transactions of the ASAE. 1968;11(15):669–672.
Upadhyaya SK, Mehlschau J, Wulfsohn D, Glancey JL. Development of a unique, mobile, single wheel traction testing mchine. American Society of Agricultural Engineers. 1986;25(9):1243–1246.
Patel NM, Godwin RJ. Controlled soil bin tests for pneumatic tyres at heavy loads. An ASABE Meeting Prresentation. Paper Number: 083543 for 2008 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Providece, Rhode Island; 2008.
Yahya A, Zohadie M, Ahmad D, Elwaleed AK, Kheiralla AF. UPM indoor tyre traction testing facility. Journal of Terramechanics. 2007;44(2):293–301.
Taghavifar H, Mardani A. Contact area determination of agricultural tractor wheel with soil. Cercetari Agronomice in Moldova. 2012;XLV(2):15–20.
Taghavifar H, Mardani A. Analyses of energy dissipation of run-off-road wheeled vehicles utilizing controlled soil bin facility environment. Energy. 2014;66:973-980.
Ahmad D, Shamsuddin S, Fashina AB, Akande FB. Development of a tractor-pulled motion resistance test rig for traction studies on towed narrow wheels. 2011;4(4):21–27,1934-6344.
Taghavifar H, Mardani A. Net traction of a driven wheel as affected by slippage, velocity and wheel load. Journal of Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. 2015;14:167–171.
Burt EC, Reaves CA, Bailey AC, Pickering WD. A machine for testing tractor tires in soil bins. Trans. ASAE. 1980;23(3):546-547,552.
Lyne PWL, Burt EC, Jarrell JD. Computer control for the NTML single wheel tester. ASAE 1983, Paper No. 83-1555. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE.
Way TR. Three single wheel machines for traction research. ASABE Paper No. 07-1109. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASABE; 2007.
Wood RK, Wells LG. A soil bin to study compaction. ASAE Paper No. 83-1044. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE; 1983.
Wells LG, Buckles JD. PC-controlled soil/tire tester. ASAE Paper No. 87-1014. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE; 1987.
Rohlf RA, Wells LG, Xing ZX. Analysis of wheel compaction using a soil stress-strain finite element model. ASAE. Paper No. 94-1546. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE; 1994.
Wells LG, Yaping J, Xing ZX. Measuring three-dimensional soil deformation. Journal of Terramechanics. 1996;33(6):281-292.
Wu YC. Handling of multiaxle, all-wheel-drive off-road vehicles. PhD. diss. Ottawa: Carleton Univ., Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering; 2000.
Krick G. Behaviour of tyres driven in soft ground with side slip. Journal of Terramechanics. 1973;9(4):9-30.
Godwin RJ, Brighton JL, Blackburn K, Richards TE, Ansorge D, Wheeler PN. Off road dynamics research at Cranfield University at Silsoe. ASABE Vol. Paper No. 06-1131. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASABE; 2006.
Way TR. Three single wheel machines for traction and soil compaction research agricultural engineering international: The CIGR Ejournal. Manuscript 1534. 2009;XI.
Dwyer MJ. Field measurement of agricultural tyre performance at the National Institute of Agricultural Engineering. In Proceedings 4th International Conference ISTVS. Hanover, N.H.: ISTVS. 1972;3:9-60.
Dwyer MJ. Predicting tractive performance. In Proceedings International Conference on Soil Dynamics. Auburn, Ala: Auburn University. 1985;4:679-692.
Billington WP. The N.I.A.E. Mk II single wheel tester. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Resources. 1973;18:67-7.
Maclaurin EB. The effect of tread pattern on the field performance of tyres. In Proceedings 7th International Conference ISTVS. Hanover, N.H.: ISTVS. 1981;2:699-735.
Maclaurin EB. A rig for testing the soft soil performance of track systems. In Proceedings 8th International Conference ISTVS. Hanover, N.H.: ISTVS. 1984;1:291-311.
Ronai D, Schmulevich I, Wolf D. A new field single wheel tester. In Extended Abstracts of the 2nd International Conference on Soil Dynamics. Silsoe, Bedford, UK: Silsoe College. 1994a;80- 81.
Ronai D, Schmulevich I, Wolf D. A new field single wheel tester. (This paper is supplemental to Extended Abstracts of the 2nd International Conference on Soil Dynamics. Silsoe, Bedford, UK: Silsoe College. 1994b;80-81.
Plackett CW. A review of force prediction methods for off-road wheels. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Resource. 1985;31:1-29.
Pandey KP, Tiwari GS. Rolling resistance of automobile discarded tyres for use in camel carts in sand. Presented at 2006 Annual international meeting of ASABE, Oregon Conventional center Portland, Oregon; 2006.
Gill WR, Vanden Berg GE. Soil dynamics in tillage and traction. Handbook 316 Agricultural Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C; 1968.
ASAE S296.5 General Terminology for traction of agricultural traction and transport devices and vehicles. ASAE, Standards. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph MI; 2009.
Persson S. Basic traction mechanics. Advances in Soil Dynamics, ed. Upadhyaya SK, Chancellor WJ, Perumpral JV, Wulfsohn D, Way TR. Ch. 2, 25 - 58. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASABE. 2009;3.
Upadhyaya SK. American society of agricultural engineers. Advances in soil dynamics. American Society of Agricultural Engineers; 1994.
Mardani A, Shahidi K, Karim-Maslak H. An indoor traction measurement systems to facilitate research on agricultural tires. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment. 2010;8.
Upadhyaya S. Traction prediction equations. Advances in Soil Dynamics, ed. Upadhyaya SK, Chancellor WJ, Perumpral JV, Wulfsohn D, Way TR. Ch. 2, 161 - 186. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASABE. 2009;3.
Freitag DR. Soil dynamics as related to traction and transport systems. In Proceedings International Conference on Soil Dynamics. Auburn, Ala.: Auburn University. 1985;4:605-629.
Wulfsohn D. Traction device-soil interfacial behavior. In Advances in Soil Dynamics. Upadhyaya SK, Chancellor WJ, Perumpral JV, Gill WR, Way TR, Wulfsohn D. eds. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASABE. 2009;3.
Bekker MG. Off the road locomotion. University of Michigan Press, Ann Abor; 1960.
Wong JY. On the study of wheel-soil interaction. Journal of Terramechanics. 1984;21(2):117–131.
Bekker MG. Introduction to terrain-vehicle systems. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Michigan Press; 1969.
Janosi Z, Hanamoto B. An analysis of the pull vs. slip relationship for track laying vehicles. Report No. 69. Warren, Mich.: Land Locomotion Laboratory; 1961a.
Janosi Z, Hanamoto B. An analytical determination of drawbar pulls as a function of slip for tracked vehicles in deformable soils. Paper No. 41 in Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on the Mechanics of Soil-Vehicle Systems. ISTVS; 1961b.
Reece AR. Problems of soil-vehicle mechanics. Land Locomotion Laboratory Report No. 8470 (LL97). Warren, Mich.: U.S. Army Tank Automotive Center; 1964.
Upadhyaya SK, Wulfsohn D. Traction prediction using soil parameters obtained with an instrumented analog device. J. Terramechanics. 1993;30(2):85-100.
Goering CE, Stone ML, Smith DE, Turnquist PK. Off-road vehicle engineering principles. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. 2006;351-379.
Wong JY. Terramechanics and Off-Road Vehicles. Elsevier; 1989.
Wismer RD, Luth HJ. Off-road traction prediction for wheeled vehicles. Journal of Terramechanics. 1973;10(2):49-61.
Gee-Clough D, Mcallister M, Pearson G, Evernden DW The empirical prediction of tractor implements field performance. Journal of Terramechanics. 1978;15(2):81-94.
Manuwa SI. Development of equipment for soil tillage dynamics and evaluation of tillage parameters. PhD Thesis, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. 2002;347.
Manuwa SI, Ademosun OC. Draught and soil disturbance of model tillage tines under varying soil parameters. Agricultural Engineering International, the CIGR Ejournal (USA.). 2007;IX:1-18.
Manuwa SI. Performance evaluation of tillage tines operating under different depths in a sandy clay loam soil. Soil and Tillage Research. 2009;103:399-405.
Manuwa SI, Ajisafe AA. Development of overhead gantry as complementary equipment to indoor soil bin facility. Journal of Food Technology. 2010;8(3):92-95.
Manuwa SI, Ademosun OC, Agbetoye AS, Adesina LAS. A development of outdoor soil bin facility for soil tillage dynamics research. Journal of Agricultural Engineering and Technology (JAET). 2011;19(1):1-8.
Ajewole PO, Manuwa SI. Development of equipment for measuring pressure-sinkage behaviour of a heavy clay soil. Proceedings of 2014 International Soil Tillage Research Organisation (ISTRO) Nigeria Branch, held at the FUTA Hilltop Auditorium, Akure, Ondo State Nigeria. 2014a;84–93.
Ajewole PO, Manuwa SI. Establishment of Bekker’s model for predicting pressure-sinkage behaviour of loamy sand soil; 2014. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference and 35th AGM of the Nigeria Institution of Agricultural Engineers (NIAE), held at the FUTA Hilltop Auditorium, Akure, Ondo State Nigeria; 2014b.
Abstract View: 2163 times
PDF Download: 2386 times