Journal of Engineering Research and Reports <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Engineering Research and Reports</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(ISSN: 2582-2926)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers in all areas&nbsp;of engineering.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Journal of Engineering Research and Reports 2582-2926 Spruce Woodmeal for Newsprint Applications: A Handsheet Study <p>This study shows that spruce woodmeal can be an alternative cellulosic-based wood additive &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;for newsprint applications. This study used unbleached wood flour produced from Spruce &nbsp;sawdust, ground and sieved to a particle size of 20-40 µm, 40-70 µm, 70-120 µm and 200-500&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;µm.</p> <p>Woodmeal was added at levels of 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% based on oven dry fiber content. The basis weight of the newsprint handsheet manufactured was 80 g/m². The study revealed the following outcomes:</p> <p>Woodmeal with a particle size distribution of 20-40 µm had the highest density followed by woodmeal with 70–150 µm, 40-70 µm, and 200-500µm. Increasing the woodmeal amount resulted in higher porosity. Woodmeal with a particle size distribution of 20-40 µm gave the lowest porosity and a particle size of 40-70 µm gave the highest porosity.</p> <p>The Tensile index and burst index show decreasing values for the addition of all woodmeals and particle sizes. Woodmeal with strength additive and a particle size of 20 – 40 µm outperforms the other woodmeal types at additions of 2%, 4%, 6% and 8%. For woodmeal with a particle size of 70–150 µm at an addition of 2% and 4% an increased and similar burst index resulted for the handsheets.</p> <p>First pass retention and ash retention increased for all wood flours with a maximum at 92% and 81% respectively for the wood flour with a particle size of 40-70 µm.</p> Klaus Dölle Sandro Zier ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-01-21 2020-01-21 1 14 10.9734/jerr/2020/v10i117027