An Integrated Approach to the Management of Municipal Solid Waste in a Typical City in Southwest Nigeria

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Olayiwola A. Oni
Toyin Omotoso
Ayowole Alo


A study of the prevailing management of municipal solid waste (MSW) generated in Ado Ekiti, a city in the southwest of Nigeria was undertaken using desk and field studies. The composition of the MSW derived from on-site waste sampling comprised plastics (28%), food (26%), paper/cardboard (14%), metal (7%), rubber (6%), textile (6%), glass (4%), leather (4%), fines less than 10 mm (3%) and wood (2%). Analysis of the waste shows that the calorific value is greater than the required minimum value of 7MJ/kg required for the applicability of incineration. However, the criteria for a regular supply of refuse derived fuel (RDF) of at least 50,000 metric tons per year minimum value of 7MJ/kg required for the applicability of incineration required for incineration may not be met. Furthermore, incineration of the MSW is not applicable due to its relatively expensive installation costs. An integrated MSW framework comprising reduction, reuse, recycling, recovery (composting), incorporation of the informal sector; public private partnership (PPP); public enlightenment and enforcement of regulatory laws on sanitation is proposed. Active participation of PPP is vital to effective financing, and hence implementation of the framework. An engineered landfill is proposed as none exists in Ado Ekiti.

Integrated management, municipal solid waste, recycling, incineration, composting

Article Details

How to Cite
A. Oni, O., Omotoso, T., & Alo, A. (2019). An Integrated Approach to the Management of Municipal Solid Waste in a Typical City in Southwest Nigeria. Journal of Engineering Research and Reports, 7(1), 1-11. Retrieved from
Original Research Article


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