Modelling Rainfall Intensity by Optimization Technique in Abeokuta, South-West, Nigeria

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A. O. David
Ify L. Nwaogazie
J. C. Agunwamba


The design of water resources engineering control structures is best achieved with adequate estimation of rainfall intensity over a particular catchment. To develop the rainfall intensity, duration and frequency (IDF) models, 25 year daily rainfall data were collected from Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET) Abuja for Abeokuta. The annual maximum rainfall amounts with durations of 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, 300 and 420 minutes were extracted and subjected to frequency analysis using the Excel Optimization Solver wizard. Specific and general IDF models were developed for return periods of 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 years using the Gumbel Extreme Value Type -1 and Log Pearson Type -3 distributions. The Anderson-Darling goodness of fit test was used to ascertain the best fit probability distribution. The R2 values range from 0.973 – 0.993 and the Mean Squared Error, MSE from 84.49 – 134.56 for the Gumbel and 0.964 – 0.997 with MSE of 42.88 – 118.68 for Log Pearson Type -3 distribution, respectively. The probability distribution models are recommended for the prediction of rainfall intensities for Abeokuta metropolis.

Abeokuta, excel optimization solver, Gumbel extreme value type -1, IDF models, Log Pearson type -3 distributions

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How to Cite
David, A. O., L. Nwaogazie, I., & Agunwamba, J. C. (2019). Modelling Rainfall Intensity by Optimization Technique in Abeokuta, South-West, Nigeria. Journal of Engineering Research and Reports, 6(4), 1-10. Retrieved from
Original Research Article


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