The Design, Construction and Testing of an Intelligent Device for Coating Flaws and Crack Detection in Pipelines

Main Article Content

A. R. Lana
N. Idusuyi

Abstract

The major pollutant induced by pipeline failure in Oil and Gas industry has been mitigated over the years using non-destructive techniques like liquid penetrant, magnetic particles, radiographic, ultrasound and eddy current testing. The eddy current technique’s advantage over the other testing devices remains the best suitable in the design and construction of the devices due to the nature of the pipeline materials. For this present work, a pre-test-post-test experimental design was used to test devices on a defect free pipe and a pipe with machined defects of known dimensions and different orientation (longitudinal and axial) after construction. The defect detection was done using electromagnetic technique of eddy current by exciting a coil with power supply and placed close to the tested pipe surface, as a micro-controller was used to track the irregularities on the material surface by computer systems. The device set up for the test was a coil with a power supply of a DC battery connected with micro-controller of a quantization level of 4.88mV. For visual display, result obtained indicates no variation in the amplitude of the pulse as demonstrated by a pipe with no defect while variations (deeps) occurred in the pipe with defects as the coil was traversed over the defect. The orientation had no significant effects on the sensitivity and effectiveness of the device. Results validation was done using a non-destructive technique by visual inspection. Thus, device has shown its effectiveness in detecting defects irrespective of the orientation. Similarly, the size of the defects is a determinant in the amplitude variation of the pulse displayed which implies at higher sensitivity, a high frequency is required. 

Keywords:
Eddy current, ; DC battery, micro controller, crack detection, pipeline failure, pipeline testing, non-destructive technique, quantization level

Article Details

How to Cite
Lana, A. R., & Idusuyi, N. (2019). The Design, Construction and Testing of an Intelligent Device for Coating Flaws and Crack Detection in Pipelines. Journal of Engineering Research and Reports, 6(3), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.9734/jerr/2019/v6i316952
Section
Original Research Article

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